Animal nutrition: beyond the boundaries of feed and feeding | FeedipediaIn a conventional sense Animal Nutrition is the science of feed preparation and feeding i. Availability, in a sustained manner, of desired type and quantity of animal feed and its feeding is the foundation of livestock production system. Animal feed availability and animal feeding is a multi-faceted theme. It influences all livestock sub-sectors across production systems. It also has far reaching effects on human nutrition, poverty, food prices and global economy. It impacts almost every sector of the livestock production — from animal reproduction, health and welfare — to farm economic viability, environment, animal product safety and quality. Traditionally, the issues of environment, animal health, animal welfare, product safety and quality have been debated separately for each domain.
Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding, 5th Edition
Swine production systems have dramatically changed in the last three decades. Today main challenges for the hog industry are to maximize feed efficiency while minimizing production costs and environmental impacts. With regard to environmental impacts, the issue lies mainly with nitrogen and phosphorus excretion which are reaching alarmingly high levels in most intensive pig production areas Strid Eriksson et al. The high relevance of environmental load has forced swine producers and nutritionists around the world to reassess the nutritional and feeding programs in use. Excretion of nutrients can be reduced by providing an individual animal with its required dietary levels.
The main aims of the COST Action Feed for Health FA were: to develop an integrated and collaborative network of research groups that focuses on the roles of feed and animal nutrition in improving animal wellbeing and also the quality, safety and wholesomeness of human foods of animal origin; to examine the consumer concerns and perceptions as regards livestock production systems. Finally, the present paper has the scope to provide new ideas and solutions to a range of issues associated with the modern livestock production system. Clearly, ensuring such high outputs of these traded products conforming to adequate quality standards is a major undertaking and it is fair to say that the EU has made significant progress in defining standards and promoting legislation in this area. However nowadays both feeds and foods must be considered not only in terms of their nutritional properties but also in terms of their ability to promote wellbeing and protect against chronic disease. Consequently, the role of animal nutrition in designing foods closer to the optimal composition for long-term human wellbeing is becoming increasingly important Givens et al.
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The livestock sector has been undergoing change at an unprecedented pace over the past few decades. This module provides an exciting and excellent opportunity for those students with an interest in the production of farm animals to focus their studies on the associated application of nutrition science and technologies at the commercial level. The livestock sector in the UK and globally is undergoing rapid change and quickly becoming much more technology-based and an industry adopting innovative husbandry and feeding strategy methods. The module is designed to equip students with the relevant practical, specialist and professional skills with underpinning knowledge and understanding. Topic coverage within the module will include a focus on the animal factors, a knowledge of which is critically important in the implementation of effective practical feeding strategies. The distinguishing features of ruminant and non-ruminant species digestive physiology linked to the nature and composition of diets fed.