Overview of Emotional IntelligenceThere have been a number of magazine articles on emotional intelligence, a few of which we list here. The intent of this section, however, is to provide the reader with information on the scientific study of emotional intelligence. The most recent description of the theory of emotional intelligence is found in Mayer, J. What Is Emotional Intelligence. Salovey and D. Sluyter Eds. New York: Basic Books.
Many people have taken an interest in studying emotional intelligence and are curious about how it can help them manage their emotions better. In spite of its popularity, few people know its origin. At the time, Salovey was a professor at Yale University, while Mayer was a postdoctoral researcher. They researched and published numerous articles on the subject. In spite of all their work, many people still attribute the concept to its most outspoken proponent, Daniel Goleman.
Imagine a world in which you could not understand when a friend was feeling sad or when a co-worker was angry. Emotional intelligence EI refers to the ability to perceive, control, and evaluate emotions. Some researchers suggest that emotional intelligence can be learned and strengthened, while others claim it's an inborn characteristic. Since , Peter Salovey and John D. Mayer have been the leading researchers on emotional intelligence. In their influential article " Emotional Intelligence ," they defined emotional intelligence as "the ability to monitor one's own and others' feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them and to use this information to guide one's thinking and actions.
Emotional intelligence EI emerged from the premise that emotions impact nearly every aspect of human experience. Mayer proposed a theory of emotional intelligence, asserting that cognition and emotion are interconnected.
Although the term first appeared in a paper by Michael Beldoch, it gained popularity in the book by that title, written by author and science journalist Daniel Goleman. Empathy is typically associated with EI, because it relates to an individual connecting their personal experiences with those of others. However, several models exist that aim to measure levels of empathy EI. There are currently several models of EI. Goleman's original model may now be considered a mixed model that combines what has since been modeled separately as ability EI and trait EI. Goleman defined EI as the array of skills and characteristics that drive leadership performance. Petrides in